Dr. John Kelly
Technical Director at Air Force Research Lab
Hometown: London, KY
PhD in Chemistry (2016)
As a chemist working for UES Inc. at Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Dr. John Kelly focuses on improving a warfighter’s ability to detect chemical warfare in the field by optimizing and engineering novel solutions for imminent chemical weapons and terrorism. He uses state-of-the-art chemical identification and characterization sensors (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry or GC-MS) to survey the environment of a warzone. His recent work was highlighted in the Journal of Chromatography A.
How/why/when did your interest in chemistry develop?
I was interested in chemistry as a National Science Foundation (NSF) recipient of the Research Experience for Undergraduates (REU) award in the Summer of 2008 after taking general chemistry in my undergraduate coursework at Georgia Southern University. This 8-week intensive research program focused on molten salt synthesis under the advisement of Dr. James Burgess. While the inorganic chemistry was interesting, I found myself captivated with how chemical analysis was performed and the technologies that are an essential part of everyone’s daily life. Being able to look at lines or numbers on a computer screen and confirm or deny the presence of a single chemical was and still is remarkable!
Tell us some details about your years at the University of Mississippi.
I attended the University of Mississippi from 2011 until 2016 where I received my PhD in chemistry under the mentorship of Professor Nathan Hammer. It was in this research group that I found my passion and devotion to problems solving at the fundamental level using advanced chemical analysis techniques.
What comes to mind most when thinking about the beginning of my scientific career path is the repairs and maintenance of a mass spectrometer (the gold standard of chemical identification) in the basement of Coulter Hall. Not all of the components were commercially available and many elements were customized therefore the developing scientist inside me started asking the questions “what does this do?” “why not do it this way?” and “how can this be done better?”
The two things that I am most proud of from my time at the UM are not tangible, but are transferable skills: 1) problem solving and 2) scientific communication. Professor Hammer provided endless opportunities for me to be a part of collaborations that stretched from Yale and Johns Hopkins to Max Planck Society (which connected with me with my first research position after UM). These collaborations engaged different minds from around the work to demonstrate new capabilities using novel instrumentation for chemical analysis was born in physical chemistry but these problem solving skills are the same ones I use in my daily routine.
The artform of communication is a cornerstone of being a great scientist. As a graduate student, I recall manuscript revisions having more red ink than black toner however, Professor Gregory Tschumper embedded the art of focused and concise scientific writing. These two skills have evolved since my time at the UM, but without those two key people I would not be where I am today.
What has been your path since graduation? Discuss your research.
Since graduation, I have spent a few years working in Europe as an academic, a year in industry research and development, and a year in government research. Each of these appointments and positions broadened my horizon and revealed new parts of the chemical sciences that I never thought existed.
My first stop after graduation was a postdoctoral fellowship at the Universität Leipzig in Germany, where I learned not only new experiment techniques, but more importantly a new perspective on how science and data should be shared and discussed at a professional level. By engaging in the German culture, I was encouraged to deepen my knowledge in the history of chemistry and gain appreciation for the developments that have brought us where we are today.
After leaving Europe, I was appointed as postdoctoral associate through the NRC Research Associateship Program at an Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) in San Antonio, TX. This position brought me back into the United States and gave me a unique insight into research under the Department of Defense. After finishing my appointment with AFRL, I joined a small team of engineers, computer scientists, and chemists at a non-profit research and development company out of Menlo Park, CA, called SRI International. This was my first look at external grant writing where science was not only an accomplishment but a product. One year later, I went back to work at AFRL (Wright Patterson Air Force Base) as a contractor to focus on important problems that we face today as Americans. Chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive (CBRNE) threats are at the utmost of importance for our soldiers, airmen, sailors, and Marines.
Today, I am a part of a team that improves methods of detection of chemical warfare by gold standard chemical analysis.
Why study chemistry at UM?
UM offers a unique opportunity to incoming students to get engaged with research at a very early stage in their educational career. I consider myself lucky to have had the NSF-REU opportunity in the summer after my first year of college. By being involved in research, I was able to have extra time with my professors and senior-level undergraduates for answering important questions in for my career like “should I try graduate school” ,“what is most important when considering my options after I graduate”, “what jobs can I get if my terminal degree is a BS, MS, or PhD” , and “where would are the jobs that would hire somebody with my skill set.” UM allowed me not only to be a mentee to my graduate school advisor but also give back by being a mentor to undergraduate students in the research group.
Your education is an investment that will return profits based on the effort you give. No one will give you a grade. No one will give you a job. No one will give you a raise. You have to earn them. You have to push for them. And ultimately you should look back at your failures and account for these in your plan for success.